A brief history on the crystals used in all of my designs
Daniel Swarovski (1862, northern Bohemia - 1956, Wattens) was born to a glass cutter in the Austrian monarchy. In 1892, he patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of lead crystal glass jewelry.
In 1895 Swarovski, financier Armand Kosman and Franz Weis founded the Swarovski Company, originally known as A. Kosman, Daniel Swarovski & Co, which was later, shortened to K.S. & Co. The company established a crystal-cutting factory in Wattens, Tyrol, to take advantage of local hydroelectricity for the energy-intensive grinding processes, which Daniel Swarovski had patented. For a complete history of Swarovski, please Click Here.
The Swarovski Crystal range includes crystal sculptures and miniatures, jewelry and couture, home decor and chandeliers.
All sculptures are marked with a logo. The original Swarovski logo was an edelweiss flower, but was replaced with the current swan logo in 1988.
In order to create a crystal that allows light to refract in a rainbow spectrum, Swarovski coats some of its crystals with special metallic chemical coatings. Aurora Borealis, or "AB", is one of the most popular coatings, and gives the surface a rainbow oil slick appearance. Each bead has a lead crystal core with 4 layers of a pearlized color coating.
Other coatings include Crystal Transmission, Volcano, Aurum, and Dorado. Coatings may be applied to only part of an object; others are coated twice, and thus are designated AB 2X, Dorado 2X etc.
Some color might be Slightly Different due to the light source when the photo was taken.
In 2004 Swarovski released Xilion, a new copyrighted cut designed to optimize the brilliance of Roses (crystal components with flat backs) and Chatom's (diamond cut).
The Swarovski Group also includes Tyro lit (makers of abrasive and cutting tools); Swareflex (reflective and luminous road markings); Signity (synthetic and natural gemstones); and Swarovski Optic (optical instruments such as binoculars and riflescopes).
The company runs a crystal-themed indoor theme park, Swarovski Kristallwelten (Crystal Worlds) at its original Wattens site (near Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria).
In 2007, Swarovski formed a partnership with electronics giant Phillips to produce the "Active-Crystals" consumer electronics range. This includes four USB Memory keys and four in-ear headphones.
In 2008, they included Bluetooth wireless earpieces for the brand, all with some form of Swarovski Crystal, either in it or on it as decoration.
In 2004, Swarovski created the 9-foot diameter, 550-pound star that tops the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree in New York City for the first of five consecutive years.
Swarovski was also a sponsor for The Phantom of the Opera (2004 film), in which the "standing model" of the chandelier was composed of Swarovski crystals. A Swarovski shop window is also visible later in the film. However instead of using the edelweiss flower, which would have been the case in the era the film was set, the current swan logo was used instead.